Best practices in research reporting

Research submitted to Journals must comply with international standards for research reporting. Any issue discovered after publication will be addressed according to guidelines issued by Committee on Publication Ethics(COPE).

Ethical oversights:
The journal maintains high and rigorous standards on research ethics. Read journal policies on research reporting guidelines

Reporting Guidelines for Specific Study Types
Journal expect that author should comply with standard reporting guidelines for specific study designs.

Read the specific study guidelines.

Research Ethics

The Journal’s policies relating to bioethics, such as experiments and research on animals can be found at research and reporting guidelines and Initiatives and must comply with the Declaration of Helsinki and approved by the appropriate ethical committee.

Papers involving such experiments must have to mention the name of the ethics committee and the reference number and supportive information and documents of this should be made available by authors to the editors on request.

Research involving human and animals

Research Reporting Guidelines and Initiatives

The journal aims to ensure that all research including human and animals should as per the standard reporting guidelines and information should be shared among all members involved in technical publishing process of all journals published by the Lawarence press.

Consent to participate (Human)

An informed consent must be taken from the human participants in research/experiments involving humans. Children under 16, an informed consent must be signed from parents or legal guardian.

Research involving plants

Experimental research involving plants must comply as per the institutional, national and international guidelines. A voucher specimens must be deposited in institutional or public herbarium with details of submitted voucher specimens along with who identified the specimen must be included in the paper.

Any field study should be in compliance with local legislation and details of licence should be stated in the paper.

We recommend author to visit the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora(CITES)

Publication ethics

Authorship matters

Who is author?

The ICMJE recommends that authorship be based on the following 4 criteria:

• Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; AND

• Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; AND

• Final approval of the version to be published; AND

• Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

As an author:

The Journals requires all the authors of a submitted paper to sign the letter of submission along with a cover letter and authors contribution details to ensure transparency.

Authors of submitted paper are invited to suggest at least three external or independent reviewers; details of suggested independent reviewers will be enclosed or attached as a separate file with detailed information which verify the identity of the reviewer including email id or ORCID.

Intentionally falsifying information about suggested reviewers leads to investigation and rejection of paper.


Corresponding author is a sole person responsible for managing all communication between the editorial office of the journal before and after publication. In case if published paper has critiques of the work, corresponding author should be available to respond to critiques and cooperate with editorial office for any type of requests for data or any additional information.

Changes or Correction:

Any changes needed like authors listing sequence, addition or deletion of authors before or after the publication will be approved by all authors of the submitted or published paper. Any addition or deletion of authors from published paper needs a written consent letter approved by all authors with valid reason of addition and deletion.

Editorial office expect that the corresponding author is sole responsible person for all journals’ administrative requirements and available throughout the editorial and publication process (Pre and post publication) in a timely manner.

Authorship for large groups:

In large multi author group, the group decides the corresponding author for submission of work to the journals.

All members of the group named as authors should meet all four criteria for authorship, including approval of the final manuscript, and they are responsible for the accuracy and integrity of work.

Some large multi-author groups designate authorship by a group name, with or without the names of individuals. When submitting a manuscript authored by a group, the corresponding author should specify the group name if one exists, and clearly identify the group members who can take credit and responsibility for the work as authors. The byline of the article identifies who is directly responsible for the manuscript, and MEDLINE lists as authors whichever names appear on the byline. If the byline includes a group name, MEDLINE will list the names of individual group members who are authors or who are collaborators, sometimes called non-author contributors, if there is a note associated with the byline clearly stating that the individual names are elsewhere in the paper and whether those names are authors or collaborators.


The journals editorial office treats all submitted content and communications among authors and editorial board members as confidential and will not be disclosed to the third party. We also expect from authors to treat all communication with editorial office, editors and reviewers as confidential and not to post such communications to public domains or blogs or otherwise publicized without prior permission from the editorial office.

Before submission please read publication ethics and Editorial Policies.