Manuscript preparation

LAWARENCE PRESS (LP) invites author (s) to read the author guidelines carefully before preparation and submission of any article. Articles not following authors guidelines will not be considered. Only articles adhering to the journal guidelines will be considered for the editorial and peer review.

*LP expects that authors prefer e-submission to the desired journal.

*LP refers to LAWARENCE Press

 

Article Types and acceptable word count

• editorials (commissioned by the editor)

• clinical papers: no more than 5000 words and 40 references and 10 figures/tables

• research papers: no more than 5000 words and 50 references and 10 figures/tables

• review papers – no more than 6000 words and 60 references and 10 figures/tables

• technical notes (surgical techniques, new instruments, technical innovations) – no more than 2500 words, 15 references and 5 tables/figures

• case reports – no more than 2500 words, 15 references and 05 tables/figures

• book reviews

• letters to the editor – not more than 800 words,10 references and 04 figures.

 

General information:

Manuscripts prepared shall be double-spaced with one-inch (1inch) margins on all the sides. Headings must be in capitalization to designate the clear cut major divisions of the paper with page and line numbering. Manuscripts submitted should be in doc.c, doc. x or pdf format, other formats will not be accepted (XML, Latex or other).

Manuscripts must be written in English (British). Authors are requested to consult Cambridge dictionary, Macmillan dictionary, Collins English Dictionary or Oxford dictionary to correct spelling. Non English authors are encouraged to seek help from an English expert to proof read and edit their manuscript before submission to the LP journals. Authors can also use language editing service of LP, Please feel free to contact editorial office for editing services and charges (cost). At the moment of the submission, authors are invited to indicate at least 3 qualified reviewers of the respective areas for their paper with name, e-mail address, complete affiliation/institution, and valid contact number).

 

Main issues:

Cover page

Title page

Abbreviations

References

Tables and Figures

Further editorial standards

Journal sections

Guidelines for Authors

Cover page

In the form of an application addressed to the managing editor of journal to which author is intends to submit the manuscript.

Title page

The first page must contain:

  1. Type of article:- Original/research/review/case report/short /brief communication/letter to the editor/clinical image/others
  2. Title (lowercase), without acronyms;
  3. Running title
  4. Core tip (100 -200 words maximum):-core content to attract the reader (s).
  5. First name, middle name and surname name of each author, separated by commas;
  6. Affiliation (s) of each author;
  7. Acknowledgments;
  8. Full name and full postal address of the corresponding author. Phone, fax number and e-mail address for the correspondence should also be included;
  9. Key words (5 maximum, separated by semicolon ;).

Note: Authors’ names: do not include professional titles or abbreviations of qualifications or positions held.

Example:

Type of article: Original article/research/review/case study/editorial

Title without acronyms:

Running title:

Authors name as per sequence desired.

A1* , B2, C3, D4, E5 & F6
(In case authors more than six, list first six authors followed by et al. )

1 Department of community medicine, ABC medical college, X University, State, Country-Pin code.
2 Department of Surgery, XYZ medical college, A University, State, Country-Pin code.

*Corresponding author:

Name with professional title or abbreviations of qualification
Postal address
Phone number:- with ISD code
Fax number
email id

Key words: Medicine; Nanorobots; Stem cells.

Acknowledgement:

 

The second page should contain:
I. Authors’ contributions, e.g., information about the contributions of each person named as having participated in the study (http://www.icmje.org/#author);
II. Disclosures about potential conflict of interests;
III. Further information.

Example:

Author contribution: All authors contributed equally to this paper or Author contribution: AB, contributed towards data collection and analysis; CD, reference search, article writing, and proof reading.

Conflict of interests: Author declared no potential conflict of interest or Conflict of interests: Write the details in any with form available at LP website or at http://www.icmje.org/#author.

Source of funding: Work is supported by a XXX , grant number…………………..

Clinical trials: The study is registered in the ClinicalTrials.gov register, identifier no XXX.

Conference presentation: Part of this paper was presented at the …………………

Dedication: The article is dedicated to … on the occasion of………………………….

Abbreviations

Abbreviations should be limited to a unit of measure followed by digits and to all others included in the SI list (http://www.bipm.fr/enus/3_SI/si.html).

All other abbreviations must be defined the first time they are used in the abstract, and again in the body of the manuscript and as footnotes to the tables. Authors’ defined abbreviations should be in capital letters without full stops.

Institutions: acronym in original language, caption in English or translated in English

Examples: FDA (Food and drug administration), NLM (National Library of Medicine).

Abstract

Abstract should be short with maximum 250 words describes the content and scope of the study. Abstract should be written is same voice as the paper.

Key elements: STRUCTURED/NON STRUCTURED

  • Background

  • Aim

  • Method(s)

  • Result

  • Conclusions

Main text

  1. Introduction

  2. Material and method

  3. Result and discussion

  4. Conclusions

  5. References

Note:

  • Abbreviation criteria used in abstract will be applied to the main text.

  • Don’t include abbreviations in titles, subtitles, keywords, tables and figures captions.

Tables and Figures

In tables, abbreviations must be explained as footnotes; in figures, they must be explained through the caption, or put at the end of each caption as a list of the abbreviations displayed by the Figure. For examples (and details about the use of footnotes), see Section 1.4.

In the presentation of tables and figures (do not use abbreviations such as ‘Fig.’ Or ‘Tab.’) must always follow the same order in which they are presented in the main text. All references to tables and figures should specify the relevant Arabic identification numbers, not only ‘Table’ or ‘Figure’. If references are placed in tables/figures, the consecutive order of references must also take into consideration where

Tables/Figures are cited in the main text (Like Table 3,4).

Avoid presentation of same data in tabular and graphic form.

When reference is made to more than one table or more than one figure, please separate the identification numbers with a hyphen and use ‘and’ to present tables or figures that are not consecutive. Please pay particular attention to spacing, e.g.

Figures 3 and 4; Tables 2 and 4

Figures 1-3 and 8

Tables 1, 3 and 8

References referring to figure panels and subpanels should be presented by adding a capital letter in alphabetic order immediately after the identification number, e.g.

Figure 2A

Figure 2B

When reference is made to more than one figure panel or subpanel, please separate the capital letters with a hyphen and use a comma followed by a space to separate capital letters that are not consecutive, e.g.

Figure 1B and C

Figure 4B, D

Figure 4B-D

Note: For any already published material the authors must have to take a written permission for the reproduction and adaptation. Prior to publication a copy of the written consent/permission has to be provided to the editorial office.

Credits should be given to the original source by a specific reference in the legend confirming that permission for its use had been obtained (For e.g., Adapted/reproduced from X et al., 198117 with permission).

Tables:

Tables must be in editable format i.e. in MS –word or may be in Excel. Tables in Pdf, jpg or other format not acceptable. Tables should be placed at the end of manuscript with legend at the top of each table. Use capital letters for the first word in table title, column and row heading. Footnotes should only be used for the tables, at the bottom of table. Footnotes may be used to explain abbreviations and information’s and placed at bottom in order of appearance in the table. Avoid adding symbols in title of table add them in the footnotes.

Place dash (-) if column heading having no data.

Reference should be superscripted.

Use letters in superscript to identify correspondence between values.

Explain tersely the symbols, letters, or number used. Indicate the number and character of observations and subjects. Identify statistical significance by superscripts in front of the probabilities (P), e.g. aP < 0.05, bP < 0.01 vs A; cP < 0.05, dP < 0.01 vs B; etc.

Figures

Figures must be submitted as .tiff, .jpg files or .png with following resolution as a separate sheet with the original article (should not contain trade names or bibliographic references).

a. For color image (CMYK) resolution should be more than 300 dpi.

b. For black and white resolution should be more than 600 dpi.

c. For one column width should be 9.0 cm and two column it’s should be 17.5cm.

Note: ‘Figure’ term is used both for graphs and photos

Caption must be at the end of each figure with all symbols and abbreviations if any. Lettering of figures should be clearly sized and labelled so that it will be liable after image is reduced/compressed for final publication

Figure contains two or more panels or subpanels, description for each panel is should be well provided, in the order in which they are presented.

Different panels should be identified by capital letters and a description of each panel should be identified in the figure legend by the related capital letter in brackets. If symbols are used, make sure such symbols are clearly distinguished from the letters

Used to identify each panel.

Insets: any insets should be described in the figure caption.

For staining used, specification of each and every staining should be in the figure caption.

IF figure has been manipulated, the following data should be provided in the caption:

a. Model of microscope;

b. Magnification adopted and temperature;

c. Imaging medium acquisition software ;(e.g. adobe photoshop or other)

e. Image processing software if used,

Curves:

Combine related curves in a single figure when possible. A composite of curves will save space and convey more information. Standard symbols (e.g. ○, ●, ×, □, ■, △, ▲) should be used when there are multiple curves

*Note: – LP is not responsible for any quality of image not confirming above and reserve right not to publish image confirming the above requirement.

References

All publications cited in the text should be presented in the References section.

Authors are responsible for the accuracy of bibliographical references presented in the manuscript and should pay particular attention to journal data (correct spelling of authors’ names, complete title, and volume and page numbers.

Vancouver style (Primarily for medical and biomedical journals)

Author should strictly follow Vancouver style

In-text citations

In-text citations are references provided in the body of a paper to each work cited – books, journal articles, reports, material from the internet and the like. Consecutive numbers (either in parentheses or superscript) are used for the sources cited.

The same number is used for a source throughout a paper. This number is determined by the first citation of the source. So, for example, if a work is the fourth source cited in a paper, it will be referred to as (4) or by the superscript number 4 throughout that paper.

When two or more references appear at the same point in the text, the relevant numbers are separated by commas, e.g. (4, 7) or 4, 7 if using superscript. Three or more consecutive citations are joined by a hyphen, e.g. (4-7) or4-7.

Reference numbers are usually placed outside full stops and commas, but journals vary in their practice.

The example that follows demonstrates the use of in-text citations. It is from the Uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals, updated April 2010.

An “author” is generally considered to be someone who has made substantive intellectual contributions to a published study, and biomedical authorship continues to have important academic, social, and financial implications.(1)… In the past, readers were rarely provided with information about contributions to studies from those listed as authors and in acknowledgments.(2) Some journals now request…

Collating a reference list

An important purpose of the reference list is to identify the sources cited in the paper so that readers can locate them. The reference list should appear at the end of the paper and provide the full bibliographic information about the sources cited. The list is arranged in numerical order, so readers can go from the number in the body of the paper to the full details of the source.

Initials follow the family names of authors and editors, with no space or full stops between the initials of an author, e.g. Halpern SD, Ubel PA, and Caplan AL.

Commas are used to separate each author’s name. Note that ‘and’ is not used to separate the last two names.

Each entry is set flush against the left margin, and the number is followed by a full stop, as in the examples that follow.

Articles in Journals

Standard journal article

List the first six authors followed by et al. (Note: NLM now lists all authors.)

Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL. Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002 Jul 25; 347 (4):284-7.

As an option, if a journal carries continuous pagination throughout a volume (as many medical journals do) the month and issue number may be omitted.

Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL. Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002; 347: 284-7.

More than six authors:

Rose ME, Huerbin MB, Melick J, Marion DW, Palmer AM, Schiding JK, et al. Regulation of interstitial excitatory amino acid concentrations after cortical contusion injury. Brain Res. 2002; 935 (1-2):40-6.

Optional addition of a database’s unique identifier for the citation:

Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL. Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002 Jul 25; 347 (4):284-7. PubMed PMID: 12140307.

Forooghian F, Yeh S, Faia LJ, Nussenblatt RB. Uveitic foveal atrophy: clinical features and associations. Arch Ophthalmol. 2009 Feb; 127 (2):179-86. PubMed PMID: 19204236; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2653214.

Optional addition of a clinical trial registration number:

Trachtenberg F, Maserejian NN, Soncini JA, Hayes C, Tavares M. Does fluoride in compomers prevent future caries in children? J Dent Res. 2009 Mar; 88(3):276-9. PubMed PMID: 19329464. ClinicalTrials.gov registration number: NCT00065988.

Organization as author

Diabetes Prevention Program Research Group. Hypertension, insulin, and proinsulin in participants with impaired glucose tolerance. Hypertension. 2002; 40 (5):679-86.

Both personal authors and organization as author (List all as they appear in the byline.)

Vallancien G, Emberton M, Harving N, van Moorselaar RJ; Alf-One Study Group. Sexual dysfunction in 1,274 European men suffering from lower urinary tract symptoms. J Urol. 2003; 169(6):2257-61.

Margulies EH, Blanchette M; NISC Comparative Sequencing Program, Haussler D, Green ED. Identification and characterization of multi-species conserved sequences. Genome Res. 2003 Dec; 13 (12):2507-18.

No author given

21st century heart solution may have a sting in the tail. BMJ. 2002; 325 (7357):184.

Article not in English

Ellingsen AE, Wilhelmsen I. Sykdomsangst blant medisin- og jusstudenter. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2002; 122 (8):785-7. Norwegian.

Optional translation of article title (MEDLINE/PubMed practice):

Ellingsen AE, Wilhelmsen I. [Disease anxiety among medical students and law students]. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2002 Mar 20; 122 (8):785-7. Norwegian.

Volume with supplement

Geraud G, Spierings EL, Keywood C. Tolerability and safety of frovatriptan with short- and long-term use for treatment of migraine and in comparison with sumatriptan. Headache. 2002; 42 Suppl 2:S93-9.

Issue with supplement

Glauser TA. Integrating clinical trial data into clinical practice. Neurology. 2002; 58(12 Suppl 7):S6-12.

Volume with part

Abend SM, Kulish N. The psychoanalytic method from an epistemological viewpoint. Int J Psychoanal. 2002; 83 (Pt 2):491-5.

Issue with part

Ahrar K, Madoff DC, Gupta S, Wallace MJ, Price RE, Wright KC. Development of a large animal model for lung tumors. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2002; 13 (9 Pt 1):923-8.

Issue with no volume

Banit DM, Kaufer H, Hartford JM. Intraoperative frozen section analysis in revision total joint arthroplasty. Clin Orthop. 2002; (401):230-8.

No volume or issue

Outreach: bringing HIV-positive individuals into care. HRSA Careaction. 2002 Jun:1-6.

Pagination in roman numerals

Chadwick R, Schuklenk U. The politics of ethical consensus finding. Bioethics. 2002; 16(2): iii-v.

Type of article indicated as needed

Tor M, Turker H. International approaches to the prescription of long-term oxygen therapy [letter]. Eur Respir J. 2002; 20(1):242.

Lofwall MR, Strain EC, Brooner RK, Kindbom KA, Bigelow GE. Characteristics of older methadone maintenance (MM) patients [abstract]. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2002; 66 Suppl 1:S105.

Article containing retraction

Feifel D, Moutier CY, Perry W. Safety and tolerability of a rapidly escalating dose-loading regimen for risperidone. J Clin Psychiatry. 2002; 63(2):169. Retraction of: Feifel D, Moutier CY, Perry W. J Clin Psychiatry. 2000; 61(12):909-11.

Article containing a partial retraction:

Starkman JS, Wolder CE, Gomelsky A, Scarpero HM, Dmochowski RR. Voiding dysfunction after removal of eroded slings. J Urol. 2006 Dec; 176(6 Pt 1):2749. Partial retraction of: Starkman JS, Wolter C, Gomelsky A, Scarpero HM, Dmochowski RR. J Urol. 2006 Sep; 176(3):1040-4.

Article retracted

Feifel D, Moutier CY, Perry W. Safety and tolerability of a rapidly escalating dose-loading regimen for risperidone. J Clin Psychiatry. 2000; 61(12):909-11. Retraction in: Feifel D, Moutier CY, Perry W. J Clin Psychiatry. 2002; 63(2):169.

Article partially retracted:

Starkman JS, Wolter C, Gomelsky A, Scarpero HM, Dmochowski RR. Voiding dysfunction following removal of eroded synthetic mid urethral slings. J Urol. 2006 Sep; 176(3):1040-4. Partial retraction in: Starkman JS, Wolder CE, Gomelsky A, Scarpero HM, Dmochowski RR. J Urol. 2006 Dec; 176(6 Pt 1):2749.

Article republished with corrections

Mansharamani M, Chilton BS. The reproductive importance of P-type ATPases. Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2002; 188(1-2):22-5. Corrected and republished from: Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2001; 183(1-2):123-6.

Article with published erratum

Malinowski JM, Bolesta S. Rosiglitazone in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus: a critical review. Clin Ther. 2000; 22(10):1151-68; discussion 1149-50. Erratum in: Clin Ther. 2001; 23(2):309.

Article published electronically ahead of the print version

Yu WM, Hawley TS, Hawley RG, Qu CK. Immortalization of yolk sac-derived precursor cells. Blood. 2002 Nov 15; 100(10):3828-31. Epub 2002 Jul 5.

Books and Other Monographs

Personal author(s)

Murray PR, Rosenthal KS, Kobayashi GS, Pfaller MA. Medical microbiology. 4th ed. St. Louis: Mosby; 2002.

Editor(s), compiler(s) as author

Gilstrap LC 3rd, Cunningham FG, VanDorsten JP, editors. Operative obstetrics. 2nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2002.

Author(s) and editor(s)

Breedlove GK, Schorfheide AM. Adolescent pregnancy. 2nd ed. Wieczorek RR, editor. White Plains (NY): March of Dimes Education Services; 2001.

Organization(s) as author

Advanced Life Support Group. Acute medical emergencies: the practical approach. London: BMJ Books; 2001. 454 p.

American Occupational Therapy Association, Ad Hoc Committee on Occupational Therapy Manpower. Occupational therapy manpower: a plan for progress. Rockville (MD): The Association; 1985 Apr. 84 p.

National Lawyers Guild AIDs Network (US); National Gay Rights Advocates (US). AIDS practice manual: a legal and educational guide. 2nd ed. San Francisco: The Network; 1988.

Chapter in a book

Meltzer PS, Kallioniemi A, Trent JM. Chromosome alterations in human solid tumors. In: Vogelstein B, Kinzler KW, editors. The genetic basis of human cancer. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2002. p. 93-113.

Conference proceedings

Harnden P, Joffe JK, Jones WG, editors. Germ cell tumours V. Proceedings of the 5th Germ Cell Tumour Conference; 2001 Sep 13-15; Leeds, UK. New York: Springer; 2002.

Conference paper

Christensen S, Oppacher F. An analysis of Koza’s computational effort statistic for genetic programming. In: Foster JA, Lutton E, Miller J, Ryan C, Tettamanzi AG, editors. Genetic programming. EuroGP 2002: Proceedings of the 5th European Conference on Genetic Programming; 2002 Apr 3-5; Kinsdale, Ireland. Berlin: Springer; 2002. p. 182-91.

Scientific or technical report

Issued by funding/sponsoring agency:

Yen GG (Oklahoma State University, School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Stillwater, OK). Health monitoring on vibration signatures. Final report. Arlington (VA): Air Force Office of Scientific Research (US), Air Force Research Laboratory; 2002 Feb. Report No.: AFRLSRBLTR020123. Contract No.: F496209810049.

Issued by performing agency:

Russell ML, Goth-Goldstein R, Apte MG, Fisk WJ. Method for measuring the size distribution of airborne Rhinovirus. Berkeley (CA): Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Environmental Energy Technologies Division; 2002 Jan. Report No.: LBNL49574. Contract No.: DEAC0376SF00098. Sponsored by the Department of Energy.

Dissertation

Borkowski MM. Infant sleep and feeding: a telephone survey of Hispanic Americans [dissertation]. Mount Pleasant (MI): Central Michigan University; 2002.

Patent

Pagedas AC, inventor; Ancel Surgical R&D Inc., assignee. Flexible endoscopic grasping and cutting device and positioning tool assembly. United States patent US 20020103498. 2002 Aug 1.

Other Published Material

Newspaper article

Tynan T. Medical improvements lower homicide rate: study sees drop in assault rate. The Washington Post. 2002 Aug 12; Sect. A:2 (col. 4).

Audiovisual material

Chason KW, Sallustio S. Hospital preparedness for bioterrorism [videocassette]. Secaucus (NJ): Network for Continuing Medical Education; 2002.

Legal Material

Public law:
Veterans Hearing Loss Compensation Act of 2002, Pub. L. No. 107-9, 115 Stat. 11 (May 24, 2001).

Unenacted bill:
Healthy Children Learn Act, S. 1012, 107th Cong., 1st Sess. (2001).

Code of Federal Regulations:
Cardiopulmonary Bypass Intracardiac Suction Control, 21 C.F.R. Sect. 870.4430 (2002).

Hearing:


Arsenic in Drinking Water: An Update on the Science, Benefits and Cost: Hearing Before the Subcomm. on Environment, Technology and Standards of the House Comm. on Science, 107th Cong., 1st Sess. (Oct. 4, 2001).

Map

Pratt B, Flick P, Vynne C, cartographers. Biodiversity hotspots [map]. Washington: Conservation International; 2000.

Dictionary and similar references

Dorland’s illustrated medical dictionary. 29th ed. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders; 2000. Filamin; p. 675.

Unpublished Material

In press or Forthcoming

(Note: NLM prefers “Forthcoming” rather than “In press” because not all items will be printed.)

Tian D, Araki H, Stahl E, Bergelson J, Kreitman M. Signature of balancing selection in Arabidopsis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. Forthcoming 2002.

Electronic Material

CD-ROM

Anderson SC, Poulsen KB. Anderson’s electronic atlas of hematology [CD-ROM]. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2002.

Journal article on the Internet

Abood S. Quality improvement initiative in nursing homes: the ANA acts in an advisory role. Am J Nurs [Internet]. 2002 Jun [cited 2002 Aug 12];102(6):[about 1 p.].

Available from: http://www.nursingworld.org/AJN/2002/june/Wawatch.htmArticle

Optional presentation (omits bracketed phrase that qualifies the journal title abbreviation):

Abood S. Quality improvement initiative in nursing homes: the ANA acts in an advisory role. Am J Nurs. 2002 Jun [cited 2002 Aug 12];102(6):[about 1 p.].

Available from: http://www.nursingworld.org/AJN/2002/june/Wawatch.htmArticle

Optional formats used by NLM in MEDLINE/PubMed:

Article with document number in place of traditional pagination:

Williams JS, Brown SM, Conlin PR. Videos in clinical medicine. Blood-pressure measurement. N Engl J Med. 2009 Jan 29;360(5):e6. PubMed PMID: 19179309.

Article with a Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Zhang M, Holman CD, Price SD, Sanfilippo FM, Preen DB, Bulsara MK. Comorbidity and repeat admission to hospital for adverse drug reactions in older adults: retrospective cohort study. BMJ. 2009 Jan 7;338:a2752. doi: 10.1136/bmj.a2752. PubMed PMID: 19129307; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2615549.

Article with unique publisher item identifier (pii) in place of traditional pagination or DOI:

Tegnell A, Dillner J, Andrae B. Introduction of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination in Sweden. Euro Surveill. 2009 Feb 12;14(6). pii: 19119. PubMed PMID: 19215721.

Monograph on the Internet

Foley KM, Gelband H, editors. Improving palliative care for cancer [Internet]. Washington: National Academy Press; 2001 [cited 2002 Jul 9].

Available from: http://www.nap.edu/books/0309074029/html/.

Homepage/Web site

Cancer-Pain.org [Internet]. New York: Association of Cancer Online Resources, Inc.; c2000-01 [updated 2002 May 16; cited 2002 Jul 9]. Available from: http://www.cancer-pain.org/.

Part of a homepage/Web site

American Medical Association [Internet]. Chicago: The Association; c1995-2002 [updated 2001 Aug 23; cited 2002 Aug 12]. AMA Office of Group Practice Liaison; [about 2 screens]. Available from: http://www.ama-assn.org/ama/pub/category/1736.html

Database on the Internet

Open database:
Who’s Certified [Internet]. Evanston (IL): The American Board of Medical Specialists. c2000 – [cited 2001 Mar 8]. Available from: http://www.abms.org/newsearch.asp.

Closed database:

Jablonski S. Online Multiple Congenital Anomaly/Mental Retardation (MCA/MR) Syndromes [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); c1999 [updated 2001 Nov 20; cited 2002 Aug 12]. Available from: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/archive//20061212/mesh/jablonski/syndrome_title.html

Part of a database on the Internet

MeSH Browser [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2002 – . Meta-analysis [cited 2008 Jul 24]; [about 2 p.]. Available from: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/cgi/mesh/2008/MB_cgi?mode=&index=16408&view=concept MeSH Unique ID: D017418.

Blogs

Holt M. The Health Care Blog [Internet]. San Francisco: Matthew Holt. 2003 Oct – [cited 2009 Feb 13]. Available from: http://www.thehealthcareblog.com/the_health_care_blog/.

KidneyNotes.com [Internet]. New York: Kidney Notes. c2006 – [cited 2009 Feb 13]. Available from: http://www.kidneynotes.com/.

Wall Street Journal. HEALTH BLOG: WSJ’s blog on health and the business of health [Internet]. Hensley S, editor. New York: Dow Jones & Company, Inc. c2007 – [cited 2009 Feb 13]. Available from: http://blogs.wsj.com/health/.

Contribution to a blog:

Mantone J. Head trauma haunts many, researchers say. 2008 Jan 29 [cited 2009 Feb 13]. In: Wall Street Journal. HEALTH BLOG [Internet]. New York: Dow Jones & Company, Inc. c2008 – . [about 1 screen].

Available from:http://blogs.wsj.com/health/2008/01/29/head-trauma-haunts-many-researchers-say/

Campbell A. Diabetes and alcohol: do the two mix? (Part 2). 2008 Jan 28 [cited 2009 Feb 13]. In: Diabetes Self-Management Blog [Internet]. New York: Diabetes Self-Management. [2006 Aug 14] – .2 p. Available from:

http://www.diabetesselfmanagement.com/blog/Amy_Campbell/Diabetes_and_Alcohol_Do_the_Two_Mix_Part_2

Reider J. Docnotes: Health, Technology, Family Medicine and other observations [Internet]. [Place unknown]: Jacob Reider. 1999 – . CRP again …; 2004 Apr 2 [cited 2009 Feb 13]; [about 1 screen]. Available from: http://www.docnotes.com/2004/04/crp-again.html

Further standards

Nomenclature

Please visit HNGC Guidelines, Url:- http://www.genenames.org/hgnc-guidelines#Oct2013

Measurement and numbers

Please visit International Bureau of Weights and Measures (French: Bureau international despoids et mesures), Url- http://www.bipm.org/en/home/

Equations

Equation should be written as Eq 1.; Eqs 2 and 3; Eqs 4-6.

Use symbol tool (MS-Word) to insert symbols, don’t draw or paste any image for the symbol.

Thank you very much for your co-operation.

Content credited to: NLM, Council of science editor and ICMJE.